Scalopus aquaticus Photo Fiona Sunquist ©
Moles are anatomically specialized for life underground. They have powerful forelimbs equipped with broad shovel-like front feet and large digging claws. The body is covered with short velvety fur and the short naked tail functions as an important tactile organ. The eyelids of their tiny eyes are sealed shut.
Photo Fiona Sunquist ©
Moles dig two different types of tunnels. The most commonly seen are the temporary foraging tunnels which are just below the surface – these look like a slightly pushed up ridge in the surface of the ground. The other type of tunnel is deeper and more permanent, marked by occasional mounds of excess dirt.
Moles have a high metabolic rate and need to eat large quantities of earthworms and insects every day.
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